Appendix 4. List of Protected Areas (PAs) occurring along international borders:
Codes Used: CA = Conservation Area, NP = National Park, NaP = Nature Park, NR = Nature Reserve; SPA = Strict PA, SR = State Reserve, , WS = Wildlife Sanctuary, WR = Wildlife Reserve
Afghanistan: The whole of Wakhan District was designated Wakhan National Park (c.11,457 km²) in the first part of 2014, encompassing the Big Pamir WR (577 km²) and Teggermansu WR (248 km²)
Bhutan: Four PAs abut the northern border with China. These are Jigme Dorji NP (4,316 km²), Wangchuk Centennial Park (4,914 km²), Bomdeling WS (1,520 km²), and Torsa SNR (609 km²) on border with Sikkim and Tibet. There are no known PAs on the Chinese side.
China: In the east, The Yaluzangbudaxiagu NR (8,982 km²) borders India. The Qomolangma National NR (34,000 km²) is located along the Nepal border; Taxkorgan NR (15,863 km²) along the Pakistan and Afghanistan borders, Tomur (Tuomeurfeng) NR (2,299 km²) at the juncture of the Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan border; Kanas (Hamasi) NR (2,500 km²) at the intersection of Kazakhstan, Russia and Mongolia, and the Buersenheli NR (88 km²) situated on the border with Mongolia.
India: Changtang WS (+4,000 Km²) in Ladakh (J&K State) and the Dibang WS (767 km²) with Arunachal Pradesh state in the east. In Sikkim, Khangchendzonga NP (1,794 km²) adjoins Nepal’s Conservation Area bearing the same name.
Kazakhstan: In the Altai Mountains: Katon-Karagaj NP (6,434 km²) connects with Russia’s Katunsky SRand China’s Kanas (Lake) NR (2,500 km²). Further South, the Zhongar-Alatau NP (3,560 km²) is located on the Dzhungar Alatau ridge along the country’s border with China. Tarbagatai NP is situated on the Tarbagatai ridge in Kazakhstan.
In the Central Tien Shan region, Ile-Alatau NP (1,993 km²) and Almaty SR (which adjoins Almaty WR) abut Kyrgyzstan’s Chon-Kemin NP, located north of Lake Issykul. Kazakhstan’s proposed Kolsai-Kolderi NP (1,610 km²) is located along the same ridge, with its boundary touching Kyrgyzstan’s Keng Suu WS (87.12km²). In the Western Tien Shan, Aksu-Zhabagly SR (1,218 km²) boundary touches the border of both Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. Sairam-Ugam NP (1,500 km²) Aksu-Zhabagly NR and Manas WR of Kyrgyzstan are situated along the mountain ridges of Sairam, Ugam and Talass Alatau that define the international border between these countries. Uzbekistan’s Ugam-Chatkal NP is adjacent to the Sairam-Ugam NP.
Kyrgyzstan: Besh-Aral SR (632 km²) which is almost contiguous with Uzbekistan’s Chatkal SR and Ugam-Chatkal NP (5,746 km²). The Wildlife Sanctuaries of Sandalash and Manas abut Kyrgyzstan’s northern border with Kazakhstan. The proposed Khan Tengri NaP (1870 km²) lies close to Tomur NR in China.
Mongolia: Altai-Tavan Bogd NP (6,361 km²) adjoins China’s Kanas NR. The Sillkhem Mountain A (781 km²) & B (696 km²) NP’s are located along the border with the Altai Republic, as is the Tsagaan Shuvuut Mountain SR (339 km²). Altai-Tavan Bogd NP (6,361 km²) adjoins both the Altai Republic and Chinese borders. The Great Gobi (Gobi A) SPA (53,000 km²) is situated along the Chinese border. Tsagaan Shuvuut Uul SPA (230 km²), Uvs Nuur SPA (4,320 km²), Tesiin Gol NR (1,100 km²), Altan Els SPA (1,533 km²), Khan Khokhii NP (3,357 km²), Khyargas Nuur NP (3,328 km²) and Turgen Uul SPA (1,197 km²) adjoin the Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina NR (2,512 km²) of the Tuva Republic, Russia. The Uuvs Lake SPA (4,423 km²) is located along the border with Tunkinskiy NP in Buryatia, Russia (11,836 km²).
Nepal: Six PAs are contiguous with the border of China (Tibet Autonomous Region): Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) NP (1,148 km²), Gaurishankar CA (2,179 km²), Langtang NP (1,710 km²), Annapurna CA (7,629 km²), Manaslu CA (1,663 km²) and the Shey-Phoksundo NP (3,555 km²). All but the last area abut China’s Qomolangma National NR (34,000 km²), which is itself one of the largest PAs supporting snow leopard populations. In the east, the Kanchenjunga CA (2,035 km²) adjoins the Khangchendzonga NP in Sikkim (India). In the far west the Api Nampa CA (1,903 km²) abuts India and China (Tibet).
Pakistan: The Khunjerab NP (6,150 km²) abuts China’s Taxkorgan NR (15,863 km²), as does the Central Karakorum or K2 NP (9,738 km²). The Chitral Gol NP (77 km²) and Agam Besti WS (267 km²) are located close to the Afghanistan border, while the Kilik-Mintaka WS (650 km²) is situated on the China-Afghanistan border.
Russia: In the Altai Republic, the Katunskiy NR (Zapovednik) (1,516.4 km²) abuts Kazakhstan’s Katon-Karagajsky NP (6,435 km²). The Katunskiy NR is contiguous with 3 other PAs in the Altai Republic, namely the Belukha NaP (1,313 km²), Argut NaP (205 km²) and the Sailyugem NP (1,184 km²), and the Shavla Refuge (3,288 km²). The Ukok Plateau NaP (2,542 km²) abuts China’s Kanas (Lake) NR 4,554 km².
In the Tuva Republic, Ubsunurskaye Kotlovina NR (3,232 km²) adjoins eight PAs in Mongolia (Tsagaan Shuvuut Uul Strict PA, Uvs Nuur Strict PA, Tesiin gol Nature Reserve, Altan Els Strict PA, Khankhokhii National Park, Khyargas Nuur National Park and Turgen Uul Strict PA (total area 14,000 km²). In the Buryatia Republic of Russia, the Tunkinskiy NP (11,836 km²) is contiguous with Mongolia’s Khuvsgul Lake NP (11,844 km²).
Tajikistan: Tajik NP and World Heritage Site (26,000 km2) is situated close to the borders with China and Kyrgyzstan. Zorkul SR (870 km²) is located along the border with Afghanistan and abuts the new Wakhan NP. Shirkent NaP is close to Uzbekistan’s Gissar SNR.
Uzbekistan: Ugam-Chatkal NP (5,746 km²) and Chatkal SR are relatively close to Kyrgyzstan’s Besh-Aral SR (632 km²).